Navigation and Search

Customize site navigation and search for your Docsy site.

Top-level menu

The top level menu (the one that appears in the top navigation bar for the entire site) uses your site’s main menu. All Hugo sites have a main menu array of menu entries, accessible via the .Site.Menus site variable and populatable via page front matter or your site’s config.toml.

To add a page or section to this menu, add it to the site’s main menu in either config.toml or in the destination page’s front matter (in _index.md or _index.html for a section, as that’s the section landing page). For example, here’s how we added the Documentation section landing page to the main menu in this site:

---
title: "Docsy Documentation"
linkTitle: "Documentation"
menu:
  main:
    weight: 20
---

The menu is ordered from left to right by page weight. So, for example, a section index or page with weight: 30 would appear after the Documentation section in the menu, while one with weight: 10 would appear before it.

If you want to add a link to an external site to this menu, add it in config.toml, specifying the weight.

[[menu.main]]
    name = "GitHub"
    weight = 50
    url = "https://github.com/google/docsy/"

Adding a version drop-down

Depending on your project’s releases and versioning, you may want to let your users access “old” versions of your site (how you deploy your archived sites is up to you) to read about previous versions of your project.

If you add some [params.versions] in config.toml, the Docsy theme adds a version selector drop down to the top-level menu. You specify a URL and a name for each version you would like to add to the menu, as in the following example:

# Add your release versions here
[[params.versions]]
  version = "master"
  url = "https://master.kubeflow.org"

[[params.versions]]
  version = "v0.2"
  url = "https://v0-2.kubeflow.org"

[[params.versions]]
  version = "v0.3"
  url = "https://v0-3.kubeflow.org"

(don’t forget to add your current version so users can navigate back!)

The default version drop-down menu title is Releases. To change this, change the version_menu parameter in config.toml:

version_menu = "Releases"

Adding a language drop-down

If you configure more than one language in config.toml, the Docsy theme adds a language selector drop down to the top-level menu. Selecting a language takes the user to the translated version of the current page, or the home page for the given language.

You can find out more in Multi-language support.

Section menu

The section menu, as shown in the left side of the docs section, is automatically built from the content tree. Like the top-level menu, it is ordered by page or section index weight (or by page creation date if weight is not set), with the page or index’s Title, or linkTitle if different, as its link title in the menu. If a section subfolder has pages other than _index.md or _index.html, those pages will appear as a submenu, again ordered by weight. For example, here’s the metadata for this page showing its weight and title:

---
title: "Navigation and Search"
linkTitle: "Navigation and Search"
date: 2017-01-05
weight: 3
description: >
  Customize site navigation and search for your Docsy site.
---

To hide a page or section from the menu, set toc_hide: true in front matter.

By default, the section menu will show the current section fully expanded all the way down. This may make the left nav too long and difficult to scan for bigger sites. Try setting site param ui.sidebar_menu_compact = true in config.toml.

Breadcrumb navigation is enabled by default. To disable breadcrumb navigation, set site param ui.breadcrumb_disable = true in config.toml.

Site search options

Docsy offers multiple options that let your readers search your site content, so you can pick one that suits your needs. You can choose from:

  • Google Custom Search Engine (GCSE), the default option, which uses Google’s index of your public site to generate a search results page.
  • Algolia DocSearch, which uses Algolia’s indexing and search mechanism, and provides an organized dropdown of search results when your readers use the search box. Algolia DocSearch is free for public documentation sites.
  • Local search with Lunr, which uses Javascript to index and search your site without the need to connect to external services. This option doesn’t require your site to be public.

If you enable any of these search options in your config.toml, a search box displays in the right of your top navigation bar. By default a search box also displays at the top of the section menu in the left navigation pane, which you can disable if you prefer, or if you’re using a search option that only works with the top search box.

Be aware that if you accidentally enable more than one search option in your config.toml you may get unexpected results (for example, if you have added the .js for Algolia DocSearch, you’ll get Algolia results if you enable GCSE search but forget to disable Algolia search).

By default, the search box appears in both the top navigation bar and at the top of the sidebar left navigation pane. If you don’t want the sidebar search box, set sidebar_search_disable to true in config.toml:

sidebar_search_disable = true

Configure search with a Google Custom Search Engine

By default Docsy uses a Google Custom Search Engine (GCSE) to search your site. To enable this feature, you’ll first need to make sure that you have built a public production version of your site, as otherwise your site won’t be crawled and indexed.

  1. Deploy your site and ensure that it’s built with HUGO_ENV="production", as Google will only crawl and index Docsy sites built with this setting (you probably don’t want your not-ready-for-prime-time site to be searchable!). You can specify this variable as a command line flag to Hugo:

    $ env HUGO_ENV="production" hugo
    

    Alternatively, if you’re using Netlify, you can specify it as a Netlify deployment setting in netlify.toml or the Netlify UI, along with the Hugo version. It may take a day or so before your site has actual search results available.

  2. Create a Google Custom Search Engine for your deployed site by clicking New search engine on the Custom Search page and following the instructions. Make a note of the ID for your new search engine.

  3. Add any further configuration you want to your search engine using the Edit search engine options. In particular you may want to do the following:

    • Select Look and feel. Change from the default Overlay layout to Results only, as this option means your search results are embedded in your search page rather than appearing in a separate box. Click Save to save your changes.
    • Edit the default result link behavior so that search results from your site don’t open in a new tab. To do this, select Search Features - Advanced - Websearch Settings. In the Link Target field, type “_parent”. Click Save to save your changes.

Adding the search page

Once you have your search engine set up, you can add the feature to your site:

  1. Ensure you have a Markdown file in content/en/search.md (and one per other languages if needed) to display your search results. It only needs a title and layout: search, as in the following example:

    ---
    title: Search Results
    layout: search
    ---
    
  2. Add your Google Custom Search Engine ID to the site params in config.toml. You can add different values per language if needed.

    # Google Custom Search Engine ID. Remove or comment out to disable search.
    gcs_engine_id = "011737558837375720776:fsdu1nryfng"
    

If you don’t specify a Google Custom Search Engine ID for your project and haven’t enabled any other search options, the search box won’t appear in your site. If you’re using the default config.toml from the example site and want to disable search, just comment out or remove the relevant line.

Configure Algolia DocSearch

As an alternative to GCSE, you can use Algolia DocSearch with this theme. Algolia DocSearch is free for public documentation sites.

Sign up for Algolia DocSearch

Complete the form at https://community.algolia.com/docsearch/#join-docsearch-program.

If you are accepted to the program, you will receive the JavaScript code to add to your documentation site from Algolia by email.

Adding Algolia DocSearch

  1. Enable Algolia DocSearch in config.toml.

    # Enable Algolia DocSearch
    algolia_docsearch = true
    
  2. Remove or comment out any GCSE ID in config.toml and ensure local search is set to false as you can only have one type of search enabled. See Disabling GCSE search.

  3. Disable the sidebar search in config.toml as this is not currently supported for Algolia DocSearch. See Disabling the sidebar search box.

  4. Add the JavaScript code provided to you by Algolia to the head and body of every page on your site. See Add code to head or before body end for details.

  5. Update the inputSelector field in the body end Javascript with the appropriate CSS selector (e.g. .td-search-input to use the default CSS from this theme).

When you’ve completed these steps the Algolia search should be enabled on your site. Search results are displayed as a drop-down under the search box, so you don’t need to add any search results page.

Configure local search with Lunr

Lunr is a Javascript-based search option that lets you index your site and make it searchable without the need for external, server-side search services. This is a good option particularly for smaller or non-public sites.

To add Lunr search to your Docsy site:

  1. Enable local search in config.toml.

    # Enable local search
    offlineSearch = true
    
  2. Remove or comment out any GCSE ID in config.toml and ensure Algolia DocSearch is set to false, as you can only have one type of search enabled. See Disabling GCSE search.

Once you’ve completed these steps, local search is enabled for your site and results appear in a drop down when you use the search box.